The Ming Dynasty ruled China from A.D 1368 to 1644. For over 100 years, China had been ruled by the Mongols. A group called the Red Turbans attacked the Mongols in the mid-1300s. After that, it began a peasant rebellion that over threw the Mongols. The first emperor of the Ming Dynasty was Zhu Yuanzhang, he was a former Buddhist novice. The Hongwu emperor established the capitol of the new dynasty at Nanjing in 1368. He reestablished the Chinese traditions and also set about reestablishing the sovereinty over it's neighbors.

The next emperor was the Yongle emperor who maintained China's military position, and extended the empire's strength to include a powerful navy.